Cat Health & Nutrition

Click here to download the full PDF pamphlet on Cat Health and Nutrition.

If you cat is showing signs of distress take him/her to the emergency vet immediately. The below information is provided for reference only and should not be substituted for medical advice from your veterinarian.

You know your cat better than anyone.

Cats are creatures of habit and routine, so if something seems “off” or unusual for your cat, it might be sign to take them to the vet.

Consider the following questions:

  • Are there changes to eating or drinking? Appetite loss, weight loss despite a good appetite, or drinking far more than normal can all be signs of health problems. Appetite loss for more than two days can be dangerous.
  • Are there changes to your cat’s normal behaviour? If your cat is suddenly meowing all night, eliminating outside the litter box, or lethargic and unusually sleepy, these are all indications of a medical condition that should be addressed.
  • Are there physical changes? Lumps, drooling, swollen gums, limping, and congestion can all be signs it’s time for a medical check-up.

We want our feline friends to be healthy and live long lives. Here are ways to keep your cat in good health:

  1. Nutrition

Cats are obligate carnivores, which means they need most of their calories from animal protein. It’s best to select a food that has animal protein as the top ingredient(s), and ones with fewer byproducts, fillers and carbohydrates like corn.

Wet food should be given each day. It helps cats stay properly hydrated and avoid health problems like urinary tract infections, kidney disease and diabetes (Read AVA’s Special Notes on Feline Diabetes).

Fresh water is a must. Use metal or ceramic bowls for both food and water (plastic tends to harbor bacteria) and change your cat’s water daily.

  1. Exercise

To keep physically and mentally fit, cats need daily exercise. Aim for 20-30 minutes a day for adult cats and 40-60 minutes a day for kittens. Interactive toys are best, since you can mimic the actions of a mouse or bird.

Download the PDF on Playtime for Cats

  1. Regular check ups

Just like humans, cats should have annual check-ups with your vet to assess their general health and head off any issues before they become problematic.

  1. Keep your cat indoors

The lifespan of an indoor cat can be 18-20 years, and only 5 years for an outdoor cat. You are protecting your feline friend from disease, poisonous substances, animal attacks and cars. Even indoor cats should have regular vaccinations since many diseases are airborne and can be brought inside.

Download the PDF about Indoor Cats & Bringing the Outdoors Indoors